Utilization Pattern, Demand and Supply of Pearl Millet Grain and Fodder in Western India. Working Paper Series No. 37 uri icon


  • This paper gives an estimate of the demand and supply of pearl millet grain and fodder forthe year 2011 and 2020 in western India comprising (Rajasthan, Gujarat and Haryana). Theprojected pearl millet grain and stover production for 2020 was based on historical growthrates in production from 1996-2009. On the demand side, food demand was projected basedon population projections for 2020 by maintaining 2004/05 per capita consumption based onNSSO 61st round. The demand for alternative uses of grain (alcohol industry) was projectedbased on a field survey conducted during 2011. The demand for feed and stover was basedon the livestock census 2007 and feed ration from Dikshit and Birthal (2010) and projectedgrowth rates of livestock population. Overall in 2011, in western India 46% of production ofpearl millet grain goes for food use, 37.5% for cattle feed, 7.7% for poultry feed, 8.8% foralcohol industry production and only a small fraction, 0.4%, is used for seed purpose. Therelative share of different uses of grain by 2020 indicated that the share of cattle feed willincrease to 38.6%, share of poultry feed will increase to 9.4%, alcohol industry and othernon-food uses will be increased to 11.7%, while food uses will decrease to 40%. Even thoughcurrently there is shortage of pearl millet grain production in western India, which is indicatedby higher prices, by 2020 the region will become surplus to the extent of 5% if it maintains theproduction growth trend of the recent past, which is very high (4.22% per annum). However,Gujarat state will continue to be deficient in grain even by 2020. Dry fodder will, however,continue to be in short supply and the paper projects a deficit of 10% by 2020

publication date

  • 2013