Harmonization of Protocols for Assessing the Bioefficacy and Bioafety of Genetic Engineering and Conventional Technologies for Pest Management uri icon

abstract

  • Several technologies are in use for the management o f insect pests, wherein,different protocols and guidelines are being followed for testing their bioefficacyand biosafety. Therefore, it is important to have a comparative assessmento f bioefficacy and biosafety o f different pest management technologies viz.synthetic pesticides, biopesticides, natural plant products, natural enemies,and genetically modified organisms (GMOs) to the nontarget organisms inthe environment. Toxicology and biosafety data should be generated onprescribed animals as per the national and international protocolsrecommended by the government agencies, FAO, WHO, OECD, and EPA.Natural plant products, natural enemies, and insect-resistant crops developedthrough conventional and genetic engineering approaches should be vieweddifferently and safety requirements simplified and relaxed as appropriate,as compared to the synthetic insecticides. Generation o f data on bioefficacyshould not only be done in micro-plots at the research stations, but also onthe farmers? fields across a range o f environments. Eco-safety datarequirements and test protocols need a holistic review to ensure that priorityrisks are addressed and tests are focused on realistic exposure regimes

publication date

  • 2012