Farmer Enabled Village Seed Banks as the Edifice of Integrated Seed System for Improved Access, Production and Supply of Groundnut Seed in India - A Case Study uri icon

abstract

  • Seed is an important basic input for the enhancing the productivity of any crop species.The availability of quality seed of improved cultivar is the foundation for food productionsecurity. A goal perceived by many governments in the semi-arid tropics (SAT ) of AndhraPradesh was to meet the groundnut seed requirements of small-scale farmers, but was never metsuccessfully to meet their requirements. National agricultural research institutes and Internationalresearch centers have worked together to develop new, stress tolerant varieties that are welladapted to smallholder farmers conditions, especially open pollinated varieties. Private seedsector is reluctant to produce open pollinated varieties and market the varieties of groundnut cropbecause, varieties do not fetch good price and it is not feasible for commercial sector. Even ifthey produce, it may not reach to small farmers in the remote rural areas. The baseline studies inthe project area have identified key problems related to groundnut seed supply system. These'encompass timely availability of good quality seeds of high-yielding varieties, lack of storagefacilities, problem of pod borer (storage pest), and farmers believe that using their own seedrepeatedly year after year is detrimental and that repeated use of their own saved seed

publication date

  • 2012