Vegetable Pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan (L) Millspaugh) uri icon

abstract

  • Majority of food proteins of plant origin derived from legumes in developing countries are generallygrown under low input conditions in marginal environments. Currently, the protein availabilityamong the rural poor in the developing world is less than one-third of its normal requirement; andwith a growing population and stagnation of production, the availability of protein is projected toreduce further. Since the food production programmes in most countries are always in favour of staplecereals, the issue of protein availability assumes a greater significance for human nutrition. Amongthe legumes, pigeonpea or red gram (Cajanus cajan (L.) Millspaugh) occupies an important place inrainfed agriculture. Globally, it is cultivated on 4.92 million ha, with 3.56 million ha in India alone.Although, pigeonpea is reported to be grown in 22 countries, the remaining major producers areMyanmar, China, and Nepal in Asia. Kenya, Malawi, Uganda, Mozambique, and Tanzania alsoproduce considerable amounts of pigeonpea. A few countries in Caribbean islands and South Americaalso cultivate pigeonpea

publication date

  • 2011