Application of Meta-analysis to Identify Drivers for the Success of Watershed Programs uri icon

abstract

  • Nearly two-third (60 per cent) of total arable land in the country is rain-fed,characterized by loss of fertile soil through erosion, land degradation,loss of productivity, low income, low employment with high incidence ofpoverty and a bulk of fragile and marginal land. These areas witnessacute moisture stress during critical stages of crop production, whichmake agriculture production vulnerable to pre and post productionrisks. Dryland agriculture contributes to 36 per cent of agriculturalexports and 44 per cent of food production in the country. Thus, holisticdevelopment of the rain-fed areas is one of the prime challenges of the21st century. Development of watersheds/catchment is one of the mosttrusted and eco-friendly approaches to manage rainwater and othernatural resources, which has paid rich dividends in the rain-fed areasand is capable of addressing many natural, social and environmentalintricacies (Samra 1998, Wani et al. 2002, 2003 a, b, 2009, Rockström

publication date

  • 2011