Conservation and Management of Genetic Resources of Sorghum, Pearl millet, Chickpea, Pigeonpea, Groundnut and other Small millets in the ICRISAT Genebank uri icon

abstract

  • ICRISAT operates as a system of genebanks with a main genebank located in Patancheru,(India) and other 3 genebanks located in Niamey (Niger), Nairobi (Kenya) and Bulawayo(Zimbabwe). Each of these genebanks perform all the regular operations and conserveand distribute accessions to users according to their location. In its active collection theICRISAT genebank at Patancheru holds more than 119,000 accessions of sorghum,groundnut, chickpea, pigeonpea, pearl millet and six other small millets (finger millet,foxtail millet, barnyard millet, kodo millet, little millet and proso millet). In total thegenebank conserves accession of 11 different crops that represent 70 ? 80% of theavailable diversity (Upadhyaya et al. 2008). Additionally, accessions of groundnut andpearl millet are also stored at Niamey, accession of sorghum and pearl millet atBulawayo, and accessions of sorghum, pigeon pea and chickpea at the Nairobi genebank(Koo et al. 2004). In this evaluation we have evaluated only the Patancheru genebank andthe main genetic materials conserved in its facilities. 11 The only previous cost evaluationof the ICRISAT genebank corresponds to the work of Koo et al. (2004) that alsoconcentrated on the accessions kept at Patancheru

publication date

  • 2010