Characterization of ICRISAT-bred sorghum restorer lines uri icon

abstract

  • Increased demand for food triggered by the fast-growinghuman population, the need to sustain biodiversity, andthe spurt in investments in agricultural research byprivate sector have resulted in seeking the IntellectualProperty Rights (IPR) for the valuable research products.This has led to the introduction of plant variety protectionlegislations across the world particularly in Europeancountries and in the USA. International efforts toharmonize the IPRs across countries to improve trade hasled to various conventions (including Union Pour laProtection des Obtentions Végétales (UPOV) 1991)leading to the establishment of guidelines on PlantBreeder?s Rights (PBRs). This was followed by Uruguayround of deliberations resulting in Trade RelatedIntellectual Property (TRIPs) rights in 1995. The Article27.3 (b) of TRIPs agreement makes it mandatory for themember countries to provide protection for plantvarieties either by patents, by an effective sui-generissystem, or any combination thereof for effectiveprotection of intellectual property. The Government ofIndia enacted a Protection of Plant Varieties and FarmersRights (PPV&FR) act during 2001, and consequentlyNational Plant Authority has been established to facilitatethe registration of plant varieties

publication date

  • 2010