Availability and utilization of pearl millet in India uri icon

abstract

  • Pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum) is the most widelygrown type of millet. Because of its tolerance to difficultgrowing conditions such as drought, low soil fertility andhigh temperature, it can be grown in areas where othercereal crops, such as maize (Zea mays) or wheat(Triticum aestivum), would not survive. Pearl milletproduction is concentrated in the developing countrieswhich account for over 95% of the production and acreage.India continues to be the single largest producer of pearlmillet in the world, although the area has been decliningin the traditional growing states of Gujarat, Rajasthan andHaryana. Pearl millet is usually grown as a dryland dualpurpose grain and fodder crop although it is sometimesirrigated in India, particularly the summer crop grownmainly as a forage crop

publication date

  • 2010