Global trends in production and trade of major grainlegumes uri icon

abstract

  • Production trends in grain legumes ? pulses, groundnuts and soybean ? have followed an increasingtrend with the global production doubling from 148 million tons in 1980-82 to 3 10 million tons in 2004-06.The increase was led by increases in soybean production which increased from 87 million tons to 214 milliontons due to an increase in the demand for protein meals and oils from the EU and the US feed sectors andthe appearance of new producers like India, China, Argentina and Brazil. Consequently, the share of developingcountries in global grain legume production has increased from 55% in 1980-82 to 65% in 2004-06. Growthin the global production of pulses has been the slowest among the grain legumes, growing at 1.05% perannum between 980 to 2006. The emergence of countries such as Canada and Australia, the area expansionunder pulses in Africa, and the export oriented production of the South East Asian countries have contributedto the increase in the global pulse production. The largest pulse producers are still the developing countriesand their share of the global pulse production is largely unchanged at around 70%. However, yield levels andyield growth rates are considerably higher in the developed countries. Grain legumes are traded in differentforms such as kernels/seeds, cakes and meals, and oils. Trade in seeds/kernels of grain legumes has increasedwith nearly 20% of production quantities being traded in 2000-05. However, this figure masks the contrarytrends in the trade patterns of individual legumes and between regions. Among the legumes, exports insoybean have increased with 31% of soybean being traded, owing to increased demand from the feed sector,with Argentina, Brazil and Paraguay emerging as major exporters. In this paper, an analysis has been madeon the global and regional production, yield trends, global trade and price trends of grain legumes

publication date

  • 2009