Development, Integration and Dissemination of Resource Conservation Options through Community Watershed Approach uri icon

abstract

  • Dryland areas in the tropics are hot spots of poverty as well as severe land degradation and water scarcity. In order to achieve the foodsecurity for millions of rural poor, it is critical to enhance the productivity of rainted agriculture through conservation of natural resourcessuch as water and land. The Comprehensve Assessment of Water for Food and Water for Life has demonstrated that potential of raintedagriculture of doubling the productivity can be harnessed by adopting integrated approach through watershed management. Assessmentof watershed impacts in India revealed that watershed approach can be applied in all rainfed areas with suitable modifications ofinterventions or economically beneficial and rainted agriculture can be upgraded by enhancing the effectiveness of 68% of the watershedprajecrs which are perlorming below average. The new paradigm tor unlocking the potentia! of rainted agriculture IS by adoptingcommunity watershed management approach as a business model through convergence and linking of farmers to the markets, efficientuse of conserved natural resources for enhancing tile productivity by adopting IGNRM approach and improving community participationthrough capacity building and ensuring tangible economic benefits. Capacity building has been identified as a weakest link for scaling-upthe watershed programs and national strategy for quality capacity building measures through consortium of quality setvice providers withsuitable quality indicators is recommended. Consetvation agriculture can be operationalized through watershed approach for improvingthe livelihoods of rural poor by unlocking the potential of rainfed agriculture

publication date

  • 2009