Analysis of water non-limiting and water limiting yields and yield gaps of groundnut in India using CROPGRO-Peanut model uri icon

abstract

  • To assess the scope for enhancing productivity of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) in India, well-calibrated and validated CROPGRO-Peanut model was used to assess potential yields (water non-limiting and water limiting) and yield gaps of groundnut for 18 locations representing major groundnut growing regions of India. The average simulated water non-limiting pod yield of groundnut for the locations was 5440 kg ha)1, whereas the water limiting yield was 2750 kg ha)1 indicating a 49 % reduction in yield because of deficit soil moisture conditions. As against this, the actual pod yields of the locations averaged 1020 kg ha)1, which was 4420 and 1730 kg ha)1 less than the simulated water non-limiting and water limiting yields, respectively. Across locations, the simulated water non-limiting yields were less variable than water limited and actual yields, and strongly correlated with solar radiation during the crop season (R2 = 0.62, P £ 0.01). Simulated water limiting yield showed a significant positive, but curvilinear relationship (R2 = 0.73, P £ 0.01) with mean crop season rainfall across locations. The relationship between actual yield and the mean crop season rainfall across locations was not significant, whereas across seasons for some of the locations, the association was found to be significant. Total yield gap (water non-limiting minus actual yields) ranged from 3100 to 5570 kg ha)1, and remained more or less unaffected by the quantity of rainfall received across locations. The gap between simulated water non-limiting and water limiting yields, which ranged from 710 to 5430 kg ha)1, was large at locations with low crop season rainfall, and narrowed down at locations with increasing quantum of crop season rainfall. On the other hand, the gap between simulated water limiting yield and actual farmers yield ranged from 0 to 3150 kg ha)1. It was narrow at locations with low crop season rainfall and increased considerably at locations with increasing amounts of rainfall indicating that type of interventions to abridge the yield gap will vary with the rainfall regimes. It is suggested that improved agronomic management (such as high yielding cultivars, balance crop nutrition and control of pest and diseases) in high rainfall regimes and rainfall conservation and supplemental irrigations in low rainfall regimes will be essential components of the improved technologies aimed at abridging the yield gaps of groundnut

publication date

  • 2009