Community watersheds for improved livelihoods through consortium approach in drought prone rainfed areas uri icon

abstract

  • Rainfed agriculture is important globally (80%)) with varying regionalimportance (95% in sub-saharan Africa and 60% of the farmed land in South Asia) and isalso the hotspot of poverty, hunger, and water stress. Occurrence of droughts is a commonfeature and the frequency of droughts is expected to increase due to prevailing climatechange. Watershed development is adopted as a drought proofing strategy for improvinglivelihoods. Watershed development approach has evolved from a compartmental approachof conserving soil and water to a holistic and participatory livelihoods approach. The newapproach calls for inputs from various institutions and actors for greater impact. ICRISATledConsortium has developed an innovative community watershed management modelinvolving participatory research and development. This approach developed in AdarshaWatershed, Kothapally in India and further scaled out in 368 watersheds in India, China,Philippines, Thailand and Vietnam has showed multiple impacts by increasing cropproductivity by 2 to 4 folds, doubling the family incomes, enhancing biodiversity, enhancingcommunity resilience to cope with changes including due to climate change, reducing run-offand soil losses, building institutions and developing local capacity. ICRISAT?s experiencesand learnings about community scale watershed management through Consortium arediscussed

publication date

  • 2008