Development and adoption of improved chickpea varieties in Myanmar uri icon

abstract

  • Chickpea (Cicer arietinum) is an important food legumein Myanmar. It is mainly grown in central dry zone of thecountry, mainly in Sagaing (54%), Magway (26%) andMandalay (16%) divisions (Table 1). During 2004?05, thechickpea area in Myanmar was about 205,000 ha, with aproduction of 239,000 t, and average yield was 1,171 kgha-1. Chickpea is grown under residual soil moisture inboth lowland and upland conditions. In lowland areas, itis grown as a relay or sequential crop after rice (Oryzasativa), while in upland areas it is grown mostly on blacksoils (Vertisols) with a good water holding capacity afteran early short-duration crop of sesame (Sesamumindicum), maize (Zea mays) or pulses or after fallow.Chickpea is also sown along the banks of AyeyarwaddyRiver after the flood water recedes

publication date

  • 2007