Socioeconomic profiles, production and resource use patterns in selected semi-arid Indian watershed villages uri icon

abstract

  • The collaborative watershed research and development project between ICRISAT and the Andhra Pradesh Rural Livelihoods Programme (APRLP) was initiated with an overall objective of alleviating poverty through watershed-based interventions that enhance agricultural productivity and the sustainability of rural livelihoods. The initial phase of the project focused on participatory technology evaluation in selected watersheds for development of best practices and upscalable implementation models. Characterization of the biophysical and socioeconomic systems is an important aspect of this work. A detailed baseline socioeconomic farm household survey was conducted in 2003 in selected watershed villages of Mahabubnagar, Nalgonda and Kurnool districts. This report analyzes the socioeconomic conditions and resource endowment patterns of the watershed farmers. The report provides a snapshot of the structure of production in the villages, constraints and potential for increased productivity, social and political networks, and the distribution of assets across social groups. The net household incomes from diverse sources including crop, livestock and off-farm and their contribution to total household income in the selected villages are presented. The report also analyzes the income inequalities and the effect of different income sources on household income inequalities in the watershed villages using inequality decomposition techniques

publication date

  • 2007