Mining the chickpea composite collection for allelic variation uri icon


  • Chickpea, Cicer arietinum L., is believed to have originated in south-east Turkey. However, atpresent, the major chickpea-growing countries are India, Pakistan, Iran, Turkey, Australia,Ethiopia, and Mexico. Chickpea is a leguminous food crop, self-pollinating, and diploid. Itsgene pool consists of 43 species: one annual cultivated (i.e. chickpea), eight annual wild, and34 perennial wild species. Two types of chickpea are known: desi types with colouredflowers, and angular-shaped and dark-coloured seeds, primarily grown in South Asia andAfrica; and kabuli types with white flowers, owl?s head-shaped and beige-coloured seeds,and grown mostly in Mediterranean countries. To study the allelic richness and diversityassociated with beneficial traits, a composite set of 3000 chickpea germplasm accessions wasconstituted. This set included the chickpea core collection, old and new cultivars and traitspecificgermplasm accessions from ICRISAT and accessions representing the ICARDAcollection

publication date

  • 2006