Country-wide extension of integrated crop management of chickpea in Nepal uri icon

abstract

  • This paper discusses lessons that have been learned both fromdiscussions at the present meeting and those distilled from experiencesof project partners during the collaborative activities of NARC,ICRISAT and NRI under the Crop Protection Programme's (DFID)project to rehabilitate chickpea in Nepal (DFID R7885). Chickpea isa crop that can compete with alternatives; it is highly profitable whengrown with appropriate technology and improves livelihoods for poorfarmers. Markets per se are not a limiting step for the nationwideexpansion of improved chickpea production in Nepal (most chickpeaconsumed in Nepal is still imported), but aspects of marketing are,and need addressing to ensure trouble free expansion of chickpeaproduction. Aspects of infrastructure also need addressing, especiallythe connectivity between research and extension organizations inNepal, to enable joined-up extension services and technology support.Seed storage has too low a priority for both farmers and extensionservices and needs greater focus. Pesticide quality and insecticideresistance need monitoring and infrastructure and policy/legislation tosupport biological alternatives such as NPV needs attention. Farmers'past experiences with particular management tools (eg, familiaritywith insecticides from vegetable p r o d u c t i o n ) often coincided withsuccess, and finally skills of diagnosis and timing for applicationsof technology needs particular attention across all farmers. Becausechickpea is self-fertilizing, farmers can produce and maintain their ownseed stock negating the long-term role of seed production enterprises inup-scaling. The project also encouraged low cost inputs, which are lessfinancially rewarding for Small and Medium Entrepreneurs (SMEs).There is, however, always a need for technology inputs and seedprovision for new farmers so there is still a role for the private sector. Self-help groups increasingly need to take on the role of seed producers.Agriculture holds a position of low priority in popular media suchas newspapers and television, so alternatives need to be exploited toensure widespread knowledge dissemination

publication date

  • 2005