Biophysical indicators of agro-ecosystem services and methods for monitoring the impacts of NRM technologies at different scales uri icon


  • This paper presents indicators used to monitor changes in the flow of such other ecosystem services as biodiversity conservation, carbon sequestration and ecosystem regulation and describes tools and methods available to monitor and estimate the impacts associated with adoption of natural resource management (NRM) technologies on various scales. The criteria and indicators for monitoring NRM impacts related to various ecological functions and ecosystem services is presented. The use of simulation models to estimate biophysical changes is then discussed. Following is a discussion of how remote sensing and geographical information system tools can be used to monitor spatial and temporal changes. The key issues and areas for future research are highlighted

publication date

  • 2005