Impact of Agricultural Research: Post-Green RevolutionEvidence from India uri icon

abstract

  • Agricultural research systems all over the world are acclaimed for theirsignificant contributions to food and nutritional security and poverty alleviation.There is empirical evidence of agricultural growth induced by the Green Revolutiontechnologies having benefited the rural and urban poor through reduction in foodprices. Although the impact in terms of poverty reduction has multiplied overthe years and spread geographically, there is a need to accelerate these impactsin order to improve the livelihoods of the poorest of the poor and to achieve theMillennium Development Goals (MDGs).India is one of the success stories of the Green Revolution. The Indianexperience has convincingly proven that appropriate technologies, supported byfacilitating public policies and efficient institutions, can transform smallholderagriculture. Umpteen studies have revealed that these three major sources ofagricultural growth are highly interactive and dynamic. They evolve in thecontextual realities of an agricultural sector and respond to internal and externaldevelopmental changes. However, the question now arises as to how moderntechnologies and institutions interact in the era of privatization and globalization.The ways and means of harmonizing national agricultural policies with internationalagreements on trade, exchange of resources, property rights, etc, should beevolved for accelerating the flow of technologies to millions of smallholders.Research impacts are not uniform across different sub-sectors of agricultureowing to differences in the degree of market orientation, efficiency of input andservice delivery systems, dominance of smallholders, etc. Sector-specificinstitutional and policy constraints need to be understood and addressed in orderto enhance the flow of technology to farmers and to realize large-scale impacts.Similarly, greater attention should be paid to understanding institutional constraintsto the dissemination and adoption of technologies promoting sustainable use ofnatural resources. The same holds true for the technologies for livestock,horticulture and agro-processing which are capital intensive.The Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) and the InternationalCrops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT) have a longtradition of research partnership in agricultural science. Both accord high priorityto tracking adoption of technologies by farmers, assessing their impacts andlearning from this experience. Social scientists from both the organizations haveallocated considerable resources towards this work and brought out a numberof publications. This volume is an addition to this series, wherein both macroandmicro-level studies pertaining to different sectors of Indian agriculture havebeen covered in detail, with evidence mostly stemming from the post-GreenRevolution period

publication date

  • 2005