Economics of Improved sorghum cultivars in farmers fields in Andhra Pradesh uri icon


  • India is the second largest producer of sorghum (Sorghumbicolor) in the world, producing 7.8 million t in 2001?02(CMIE 2004). Sorghum in India is grown in the rainyseason (June?October) on around 4.5 million ha and inthe postrainy season (September?January) on around 5.4million ha. In the state of Andhra Pradesh, rainy seasonsorghum is grown on 0.3 million ha, producing 0.29million t of grain while the postrainy season sorghumaccounts for 0.34 million ha producing 0.35 million t ofgrain (Government of Andhra Pradesh 2003). Generally,resource-poor small farmers in the semi-arid regions ofAndhra Pradesh with less than 1 ha of land growsorghum. The crop is mainly cultivated under semisubsistencefarming to meet household requirements offood and fodder with a small marketable surplus. Whilepostrainy season sorghum is almost completely used forhuman consumption, rainy season sorghum, which isused for food, is also used for non-food purposes such aspoultry and livestock feed, and alcohol and starchmanufacturing (Kleih et al. 2000). Lack of availability ofrainy season sorghum in bulk quantities and assuredsupplies is one of the main reasons constraining its usagein industry. High per unit cost of production of localsorghum and unremunerative grain price reduce itsprofitability to farmers. Although about 35% of marketablesurplus is available, these are often scattered and hencenon-economical to procure in sufficient bulk quantities byindustrial users (Marsland and Parthasarathy Rao 2000)

publication date

  • 2004