Global sorghum production scenario uri icon

abstract

  • Sorghum is an important cereal crop which is grown globally for food and feed purposes. It is mostwidely grown in the semi-arid tropics where water availability is limited and frequently subjected todrought. About 100 countries grow sorghum, of which 66 cultivate it over more than 1000 ha orproduce more than 1000 t. India has the largest sorghum area with 10.06 million ha (Table 2.1).The second largest sorghum cultivating country is Nigeria, followed by Sudan, USA and Niger.More than 90% of the world?s sorghum area lies in the developing countries, mainly in Africa andAsia. In terms of annual production, USA tops the list with 13.38 million t during 1999-2001,followed by India (8.23 million t), Nigeria (7.65 million t), Mexico (6.09 million t) and Argentina(3.16 million t). However, none of these countries recorded the highest global yields. The highestsorghum yields during 1999-2001 were recorded by Israel (12 664 kg ha-1), followed by Jordan (11711 kg ha-1), Italy (6458 kg ha-1), Algeria (6400 kg ha-1) and France (6094 kg ha-1). Thus while Asianand African countries like India and Nigeria had the largest area devoted to sorghum cultivation,those in West Asia (like Israel and Jordan) and Europe (Italy and France) reaped the highest yields.It may be noted that Israel and Jordan are not major sorghum-growing countries. The average areaunder the crop during 1999-2001 was 1006 ha and production 13 400 t in Israel, and 30 ha and 300t in Jordan. This chapter presents the global sorghum production situation and trends. It updatesthe trends and outlook given in FAO and ICRISAT (1996). It also analyzes changes in sorghumproduction and sources of changes during the last three decades

publication date

  • 2004