Minimizing land degradation and sustaining productivity by integrated watershed management: adarsha watershed, kothapally, india uri icon

abstract

  • Land degradation is a major threat for sustainable crop production in large areas of the semi-arid tropics(SAT). The Asian Development Bank gave financial assistance to evaluate the on-station watershed work of ICRISAT in on-farm situations. Adarsha watershed at Kothapally in Andhra Pradesh (AP), India is one of the benchmark sites where the evaluation was carried out. Instead of traditional structure driven approach, a new idea of integrated watershed approach was followed wherein various components of improved crop production were evaluated on a few selected individual farmers? fields in addition tocommunity-based soil and water conservation activities. A new implementation arrangement called consortium approach wherein all the stakeholders, ICRISAT, DWMA, CRIDA, NGO, and farmers, planned and implemented various activities in a participatory manner was tried. This work has attracted not only the attention of AP Government but also many development agencies like DFID throughout the world. TheAP Government is scaling-up this work in five districts through APRLP. It is one of the successful modulesof watershed development. A grant by Sir Dorabji Tata Trust has been approved to replicate this work in Central and Northwest India. The success story of this work with details of various activities and the outputs is given in this paper

publication date

  • 2003