Soil Pests of Groundnut in Sub-Saharan Africa?A Review uri icon

abstract

  • Termites (Isoptera: Termidae), white grubs (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) and millepedes (Myriapoda: Odontopygidae) are the major groups of soil pests that are widespread and of economic importance in groundnut production in sub-Saharan Africa. Other Coleopteran pests such as wireworms (Elateridae) and false wireworms (Tenebrionidae) are found to be of occasional importance. Farmers' cultural practices such as improper application of organic manure, leaving crop residues in farms, delay in planting and harvesting, and abiotic factors such as rainfall and soil texture also influence soil pest occurrence and damage. Groundnut farmers in most parts of sub-Saharan Africa seldom apply effective control measures against soil pests. This paper reviews the major soil pests of groundnuts and their damage, and discusses adopted control practices and their applicability in integrated pest management modules, with an emphasis on the use of resistant groundnut varieties, cultural practices, botanicals and minimum application of synthetic insecticides

publication date

  • 2001