Cytoplasmic male-sterility and source of pollen influence the expression of resistance to sorghum midge,Stenodiplosis sorghicola uri icon

abstract

  • Sorghum midge, Stenodiplosis (Contarinia) sorghicola (Coquillett), is an important pest of grain sorghum, and host plant resistance is an important aspect of control of this pest. This research investigated how cytoplasmic male-sterility and source of pollen influence the expression of resistance to sorghum midge. Sorghum midge emergence was significantly lower in panicles of midge-resistant and midge-susceptible cytoplasmic male-sterile lines when pollinated with AF 28 - a midge-resistant restorer line, than those pollinated with Swarna - a midge susceptible restorer line, indicating the presence of xenia effects. Maintainer lines (B-lines) of midge-resistant parents had significantly lower numbers of eggs and larvae than the B-lines of midge-susceptible parents. Male-sterile lines of the both midge-resistant and midge-susceptible lines were equally susceptible, indicating that resistance to sorghum midge is influenced by factors in the cytoplasm of the B-line. These findings will have an important bearing on the production of hybrids with resistance to insects

publication date

  • 2001