Sorghum grain mold: current status uri icon

abstract

  • Grain mold is an important biotic constraints of sorghum, and seriously compromises the grain yield and quality gains obtainable from improved cultivars. This disease gained worldwide significance after the widespread int roduction and cultivation of short-duration sorghum cultivars that replaced longer-durat ion landraces and local cultivars. The newer cultivars mat ured and set seeds under wet and humid conditions that were favorable for the development of grain mold fungi. Damage caused by grain moldincludes losses in seed yield, quality, market value, storage quality, viability, and food and feed processing quality of seed. In addition, several mold-causal fungi produce mycotoxins in grain. Mycotoxins in feed slow the growt h rate, predispose animals to other infect ions, and are teratogenic and carcinogenic

publication date

  • 1997