Status of Groundnut Research and Production in South Asia uri icon

abstract

  • South Asia, comprising Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka,accounts for about 43.4% of the world groundnut (Arachis hypogaea) area (8.6 million ha) and35.7% of production (8.1 million t). The period coinciding with the Southwest monsoon is the maingrowing season in the region although the crop is grown in more than one season in India,Myanmar, and Sri Lanka. The low average yields of groundnut in the region result from: raising thecrop mostly under rainfed conditions on marginal and submarginal lands with low levels of inputs,use of varieties with long maturity periods, susceptibility of the crop to a plethora of insect pests anddiseases, and nonavailability of efficient farm machinery and quality seed. All countries in theregion made sustained efforts in the development of improved technology, including development ofhigh-yielding varieties, improved agronomic practices, new and efficient strains of Bradyrhizobium,and efficient and economical plant protection schedules for the control of major insect pests anddiseases. When tested in the farmers' fields, the technology indicated much unrealized yield poten-tial. The future crop improvement research in the region aims to concentrate on the areas of cropduration. fresh seed dormancy, resistance/tolerance to major biotic stresses, seed quality andproduction. and design and development of efficient farm implements and machinery. To realizefullimpact of research on groundnut production in the region, it is important to ensure adequatesupport price and market to the crop. The International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-AridTropics (ICRISAT) has contributed substantially towards the development of improved cultivars aswell as offering training facilities to accomplish better human resource development in the region

publication date

  • 1992