DROUGHT RESISTANCE OF Sorghum bicolor. 5. GENOTYPIC DIFFERENCES IN THE CONCENTRATIONS OF FREE AND CONJUGATED ABSCISIC, PHASEIC AND INDOLE-3-ACETIC ACIDS IN LEAVES OF FIELD-GROWN DROUGHT-STRESSED PLANTS uri icon

abstract

  • A gradient of water stress was created among sorghum plants with a line-source sprinkler irrigation system. Changes in endogenous growth regulators, leaf water potential (?w), solute potential (?s), leaf conductance, leaf temperature, leaf senescence, leaf area and plant height were monitored. Abscisic acid (AbA) levels were increased and phaseic acid (PA) levels were reduced under stress. IAA levels could not be related to stress. Leaf ?w, leaf ?s and leaf conductance were reduced and leaf temperature was increased by water stress. Leaf area development was more sensitive to stress than stem elongation. Linear correlations between irrigation, AbA, leaf ?w, leaf ?s and plant height were high (r?>?0.9). The correlation between AbA and grain yield (r?=???0.65) was similar to that between irrigation and grain yield (r?=?0.68), but opposite in sign. Leaf AbA content measured during early growth could thus be used to predict grain yield under a given irrigation regime.Key words: Abscisic acid, phaseic acid, indole-3-acetic acid, water stress, grain yield, sorghum

publication date

  • 1983