Preliminary information on chickpea stunt uri icon

abstract

  • The name chickpea stunt is introduced for a disease of Cicer arietinum that is described from Andhra Pradesh, and occurs at various other places in India, and in Turkey and Iran. Attempts to transmit the causal agent through sap, graft and dodder failed, but it was repeatedly transmitted in the laboratory by the aphid Aphis craccivora Koch. After acquisition feeding periods of from 0.5 h to 4 days and inoculation feeding periods of 48 h, symptoms developed in test plants after 20-45 days, the success in transmission varying from 25 to 80%.ADDITIONAL ABSTRACT:A condition in chickpeas called 'wilt complex' and now named chickpea stunt, prevalent in central and N. India, caused fewer pods to develop/plant and a reduction in seed yield of up to 80%/infected plant. Possible causes of chickpea stunt are discussed; it can be transmitted by Aphis craccivora

publication date

  • 1976