Tropical fruit tree diversity uri icon


  • Farmers have developed a range of agricultural practices to sustainably use and maintain a wide diversity of crop species in many parts of the world. This book documents good practices innovated by farmers and collects key reviews on good practices from global experts, not only from the case study countries but also from Brazil, China and other parts of Asia and Latin America.A good practice for diversity is defined as a system, organization or process that, over time and space, maintains, enhances and creates crop genetic diversity, and ensures its availability to and from farmers and other users. Drawing on experiences from a UNEP-GEF project on "Conservation and Sustainable Use of Wild and Cultivated Tropical Fruit Tree Diversity for Promoting Livelihoods, Food Security and Ecosystem Services", with case studies from India, Indonesia, Malaysia and Thailand, the authors show how methods for identifying good practices are still evolving and challenges in scaling-up remain. They identify key principles effective as a strategy for mainstreaming good practice into development efforts. Few books draw principles and lessons learned from good practices. This book fills this gap by combining good practices from the research project on tropical fruit trees with chapters from external experts to broaden its scope and relevance.Download entire bookDownload by chapter:Part 1: Setting context1. On-farm and in situ conservation of tropical fruit tree diversity: context and conceptual framework2. Key concepts3. Community Biodiversity Management as an approach for realizing on-farm management of agricultural biodiversity4. Custodians of tropical fruit tree diversity: identifying and strengthening the roles and rights of custodian farmersPart 2: Good practices of agricultural biodiversity management and sustainable use5. Good practices for conservation and sustainable use of crop wild relatives of tropical fruit tree diversity6. Exotic and indigenous fruit tree diversity on farm and the conservation of tree genetic resources: case studies from sub-Saharan Africa7. Promoting community management of underutilized tropical and subtropical fruit genetic resources in Brazil8. Good practice: using intraspecific crop diversity to manage pests and pathogens in China9. Kandyan home gardens: a time-tested good practice from Sri Lanka for conserving tropical fruit tree diversity10. Amazonian fruits: how farmers nurture nutritional diversity on farm and in the forestPart 3: Case studies of the project 'Conservation and Sustainable Use of Tropical Fruit Tree Diversity' from South and Southeast AsiaCase studies: Propagation and planting materials11. A suite of propagation and management techniques for Garcinia in the central Western Ghats region of Karnataka, India12. A set of interconnected practices which enhance and conserve mango diversity in Malihabad, India13. Maintenance of mother blocks of CItrus rootstocks by farmers and nurseries for production of high-quality planting materials14. Marcotting as a good practice for maintaining diversity of Citrus in swampy lands of South Kalimantan, Indonesia15. Combination of side-grafting technique and informal germplasm exchange system in non-irrigated mango orchards in Thailand16. Propagation and pruning techniques of Garcinia atroviridis (asam gelugor) in Bukit, Gantang, Perak, MalaysiaCase studies: Production and crop management17. The role of a traditional festival, Chhath Puja, in the conservation and sustainable use of tropical fruits18. Multivarietal orchards: an age-old conservation practice in mango19. Integrated home gardens for maintaining mango and citrus diversity and for family well-being in East Java20. Management of Garcinia fusca for sustainable use21. Production and management of an underutilized fruit: aroi aroi (Garcinia forbesii King) in home gardens and orchardsCase studies: Linking farmers with markets (commercialization that supports diversity maintenance and livelihoods of the poor)22. How can markets contribute to the conservation of agricultural biodiversity on farms? From theory to practice23. Agrotourism in Kampung Kakeng, Serian: development and challenges24. Conserving tropical fruit tree diversity by using their products and promoting agrotourism: lessons from an empowered community in southern Thailand25. Value addition of a local food using Garcinia cowa leaves through collective action and marketing by a women's group26. Value creation for Garcinia gummi-gutta and Garcinia indica through energy-efficient dryers and product differentiation in the central Western Ghats region of Karnataka, IndiaCase studies: Working with communities and multi-stakeholder partners27. Community forests: utilization and informal regulation for tropical fruit tree conservation28. An informal network of grafting experts to help communities conserve and use wild pickle mango (Mangifera indica) diversity in the central Western Ghats region of Karnataka, India29. Social capital building for tropical fruit tree diversityPart 4: A Way Forward30. Reflections on the challenges of good practice identification, documentation, piloting and mainstreaming

publication date

  • 2016