Channelizing Afghanistan to Pakistan informal trade into formal channels uri icon


  • This paper focuses on assessing the possibility of bringing informal trade from Afghanistan to Pakistan into the legal channels by reducing tariff and tax differentials between Pakistan and Afghanistan. A basic model and illustrative example are presented that encompass the monetary incentives of smugglers and shows possible tariff/tax reductions that bring profits from informal trade below the breakeven point. The effects of price discounting of informally traded products in the Pakistan market and possible under-invoicing by traders are also taken into consideration

publication date

  • 2016