On-farm evaluation of an animal-drawn implement developed in Ethiopia for row placement of wheat seed and basal fertilizer uri icon


  • Grass weeds are difficult to control by hand weeding in a broadcast wheat crop because several species are not easily distinguished from the crop at an early stage. Chemical weed control, on the other hand, can be highly effective, but is limited in Ethiopia by the unavailability and high cost of herbicides. Further, dependence on high efficacy herbicides to control grass weeds can result in weed species shifts and/or the development of resistant weed biotypes. Row sowing of wheat can facilitate hand and/or mechanical weeding by enabling farmers to identify grass weeds in the inter-row spaces. However, manual row seeding is extremely labour intensive and unacceptable to peasant farmers in Ethiopia. Row seeders developed elsewhere have not been accepted in Ethiopia because they were either too labour inefficient or ineffective in cloddy and rough fields. Therefore, a four-row seeder has been developed in Ethiopia with a new type of seed metering mechanism

publication date

  • 1997