Strategies and priorities for African agriculture, Economywide perspectives from country studies uri icon

abstract

  • The 2000s were Africa's 'decade of growth.' Countries in Africa south of the Sahara reached milestones in the 21st century's first decade that once seemed impossible, achieving improved governance, macroeconomic stability, and sustained economic growth that exceeded the region's performance in previous decades. Among the economic sectors that improved was agriculture, which grew 3.4 percent per year over 2001-2010, outpacing Africa's population growth rate, which was 2.5 percent, for the first time in the last three decades. Nevertheless, the agricultural sector's growth has lagged behind national economic growth in Africa. Given
  • This book examines the potential of agriculture to contribute to national growth and poverty reduction. It also evaluates the financial costs of accelerating agricultural growth. The analysis is based on ten country case studies that apply similar economywide approaches to linking growth, poverty, and investment. The findings indicate that, in most African countries, improving agriculture's performance is essential to achieving pro-poor growth. They also point to export agriculture having high growth potential and becoming a prominent part of agricultural strategies. The research shows that broad-based growth will be difficult to achieve without expanding staple-foodcrop production and livestock production, since only they have the scale and linkages to poor households needed to reduce national poverty within a reasonable period of time. Finally, the case studies confirm the need for greater investment in agriculture. However, the efficiency of agricultural investments will have to improve if development targets are to remain attainable

publication date

  • 2012
  • 2012